'' Obesity should not be considered only as an aesthetic problem ''
Obesity is a condition that affects the entire body system in a wide range of disorders from joint diseases to cancers. The most important systems that obesity affects are endocrine and cardiovascular system. The most important risk factor for obesity is the adult type, the second type of diabetes (Type 2 DM). Increased amount of fat in the body gives the insulin hormone, which is released from the pancreatic gland and is the most important regulator of sugar metabolism, to have a resistance. In other words, insulin gradually loses its activity in tissues. In addition, the surplus of free fatty acids is toxic to insulin secretory cells (beta cells) in the pancreas. Treatment of obesity without depletion of insulin reserves in the pancreatic glands is very important in this respect.
The cardiovascular system (heart / vessel( is the second important system that affects obesity negatively. Increased fat ratios (triglycerides and cholesterol) provide a basis for atherosclerosis. Hypertension, heart attack and stroke risks arise when the atherosclerosis reaches a serious severity. The risk of heart attack is 2 times more in obese individuals than in normal weight people. Scientific studies have shown that 70% to 90% of all hypertension patients are not obese.
One of the most common complaints that obese people encounter is the sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a disease that may cause the breath come to a stopping point during sleep. Sleep apnea is observed in 40% of morbid obese individuals. Weight loss seems to be the only permanent treatment of sleep apnea.
It has been shown in medical literature that obesity is a risk factor for certain types of cancer. It has been reported that there is especially an increase in prostate and colon (large intestine) cancers in males. In women, breast cancer, especially due to hormones, is observed to increase. The increase in cholesterol, the main source of estrogen, appears to be the reason of that.
Obesity is indicated as the second cause of death that can be prevented after smoking by the World Health Organization. Obesity is shown as the result of three hundred thousand deaths each year in the United States. Given the whole world, the obesity-related death is much more than death due to hunger.